BASKIN, LEONARD


BASKIN, LEONARD
BASKIN, LEONARD (1922–2000), U.S. sculptor, printmaker, watercolorist, and illustrator. Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Baskin was the son of a leading Orthodox rabbi. His earliest education was at a yeshivah in Brooklyn, where his family had moved when he was seven. After developing an interest in sculpture at age 14, he would attend day classes at the yeshivah and take evening art classes at the Educational Alliance (1937–39). Baskin also attended New York University (1939–41) and Yale University (1941–43). While at Yale, Baskin discovered William Blake. Impressed by Blake's role as a poet-artist-bookmaker, Baskin founded the Gehenna Press in 1942 and learned printmaking. The Press has published over 100 books, including Homer's Iliad (1962) and Dante's Divine Comedy (1969). Three years in the Navy during World War II temporarily curtailed Baskin's artistic activity. After the war he completed his B.A. at the New School for Social Research (1949). In the early 1950s he also studied in Paris and in Florence. From 1953 to 1974, Baskin taught printmaking and sculpture at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts. He spent 10 years in England, in part to be close to Ted Hughes, with whom he collaborated on several books. Upon returning to the U.S., he taught at Hampshire College (1984–94). Baskin's frequent subject is the human condition, often fragile and anxiety-ridden, rendered in a manner that shows the artist's debt to expressionist artists. Although he first gained acclaim for his printmaking, sculpture was his favored medium. He preferred printmaking over painting, and especially the medium of wood, because of the more democratic nature of prints, which can be reproduced widely. He often worked on a monumental scale; his 1952 woodcut Man of Peace measures five feet tall and The Altar (1977), a wood sculpture depicting the binding of Isaac, is nearly six feet long. Many of Baskin's drawings and prints concern Jewish subjects. In 1974 he illustrated A Passover Haggadah, for which he provided watercolors, as well as hand lettering of much of the Hebrew text. Baskin received many important commissions, including a bas relief for the Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C., and a seven-foot-tall bronze figure for a Holocaust Memorial in Ann Arbor, Michigan. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Baskin, Sculpture, Drawing, and Prints (1970); I.B. Jaffe, The Sculpture of Leonard Baskin (1980); A. Fern and J. O'Sullivan, The Complete Prints of Leonard Baskin: A Catalogue Raisonné, 19481983 (1984). (Samantha Baskind (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Baskin, Leonard — born Aug. 15, 1922, New Brunswick, N.J., U.S. died June 3, 2000, Northampton, Mass. U.S. sculptor and graphic artist. After studying in Europe and the U.S., in 1939 he had his first one man exhibition in New York City, and he later taught for… …   Universalium

  • Baskin, Leonard — (15 ago. 1922, New Brunswick, N.J., EE.UU.–3 jun. 2000, Northampton, Mass.). Escultor y artista gráfico estadounidense. Luego de estudiar en Europa y EE.UU., en 1939 realizó su primera exposición individual en la ciudad de Nueva York.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baskin, Leonard — (b. 1922)    American artist. He was born in New Jersey. He taught printmaking and sculpture at Smith College from 1953. He was influ enced in his early years by Ben Shahn and many of his drawings and prints concern Jewish subjects …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Leonard Baskin — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Leonard Baskin imagesize = 220px caption = Isaac, bronze, 1973, Honolulu Academy of Arts birthname = birthdate = 1922 location = deathdate = 2000 deathplace = nationality = American field = Sculpture, book …   Wikipedia

  • Leonard Baskin — Isak, de Leonard Baskin Leonard Baskin (15 de agosto de 1922, New Brunswick 3 de junio de 2000, Northampton) fue un grafista y escultor estadounidense. Después de estudiar en varias partes de su país y Europa, en 1939 tuvo su primera exposición… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leonard — /len euhrd/, n. 1. William Ellery (Channing) /el euh ree/, 1876 1944, U.S. poet, essayist, and teacher. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning lion and hardy. * * * (as used in expressions) Baskin Leonard Bernstein Leonard Bloomfield… …   Universalium

  • Leonard — (as used in expressions) Baskin, Leonard Bernstein, Leonard Bloomfield, Leonard Leonard Alfred Schneider Callaghan (de Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, barón Calvert, Leonard Chess, Leonard Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Colebrook,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baskin — may refer to:People with the surname Baskin : *Bibi Baskin, Irish author *Burt Baskin (1913–1967), American founder of an ice cream chain *Elya Baskin (born 1951), Latvian actor *Jeremy Baskin (born 1962), South African labour market analyst… …   Wikipedia

  • Baskin — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Baskin (Florida) Baskin (Louisiana) Personen: Burt Baskin (1913–1967), US amerikanischer Unternehmer Elya Baskin (* 1950), US amerikanischer Schauspieler lettischer Abstammung Jonathan N.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baskin — biographical name Leonard 1922 2000 American sculptor & graphic artist …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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